Mongolian Shamanism

Shamanism was found to explain natural phenomena and disasters and protect people from it through chosen spirital individuals. Some of the distinctive features of Shamanism include:
· rituals are performed at night
· shamans have no temple
· there are no monks in shamanism
· there are no written prayer books
Shaman is someone who can call out to spirits and invite them to their own body to ask about things that are mysterious to human beings; and then send the spirits away from his/her body once his/her questions are answered. The male shaman is named Zairan, and female shaman is called Udgan.

Shaman’s special clothing includes armour ( khuyag), helmet(malgai), drum(hengereg), and drumstick (hengeregiin tsokhiur). Also shamans have his/her own assistant who is called tushee. Not everyone and anyone can be a shaman, as they have to be chosen by high power.

If you wish to understand more about Mongolian Shamanism and see their performance on your tour in Mongolia, please feel free to contact us at
OR check out one of our Khovshol lake trips on which you can meet local shamans